真人性23式(动)

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业内新闻

INDUSTRY NEWS

 1-7月份,全社会用电量当月增速放缓,三产和城乡居民累计用电量保持较快增长;工业和制造业用电保持平稳增长,增速低于全社会用电量平均水平;除有色行业,其他高载能行业当月用电量均实现正增长;发电装机增速同比持续回落,水电发电量保持较快增长;全国发电设备累计平均利用小时同比降低,火电和核电发电设备累计利用小时均同比降低较多;全国跨区、跨省送出电量保持快速增长;全国基建新增装机容量同比减少,其中太阳能发电新增装机减少较多;电源完成投资同比增长,电网工程完成投资同比下降。

  一、全社会用电量当月增速放缓,三产和城乡居民累计用电量保持较快增长

  1-7YUEFEN,QUANGUOQUANSHEHUIYONGDIANLIANG40652YIQIANWASHI,TONGBIZENGZHANG4.6%,ZENGSUBISHANGNIANTONGQIHUILUO4.4GEBAIFENDIAN。

真人性23式(动)  FENCHANYEKAN,1-7YUEFEN,DIYICHANYEYONGDIANLIANG421YIQIANWASHI,TONGBIZENGZHANG5.2%,ZHANQUANSHEHUIYONGDIANLIANGDEBIZHONGWEI1.0%;DIERCHANYEYONGDIANLIANG27712YIQIANWASHI,TONGBIZENGZHANG2.8%,ZENGSUBISHANGNIANTONGQIHUILUO4.2GEBAIFENDIAN,ZHANQUANSHEHUIYONGDIANLIANGDEBIZHONGWEI68.2%,DUIQUANSHEHUIYONGDIANLIANGZENGZHANGDEGONGXIANLVWEI41.6%;DISANCHANYEYONGDIANLIANG6668YIQIANWASHI,TONGBIZENGZHANG9.1%,ZENGSUBISHANGNIANTONGQIHUILUO5.1GEBAIFENDIAN,ZHANQUANSHEHUIYONGDIANLIANGDEBIZHONGWEI16.4%,DUIQUANSHEHUIYONGDIANLIANGZENGZHANGDEGONGXIANLVWEI30.9%;CHENGXIANGJUMINSHENGHUOYONGDIANLIANG5851YIQIANWASHI,TONGBIZENGZHANG8.8%,ZENGSUBISHANGNIANTONGQIHUILUO4.8GEBAIFENDIAN,ZHANQUANSHEHUIYONGDIANLIANGDEBIZHONGWEI14.4%,DUIQUANSHEHUIYONGDIANLIANGZENGZHANGDEGONGXIANLVWEI26.3%。

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图1  2018、2019年分月全社会用电量及其增速

  FENSHENGFENKAN,1-7YUEFEN,CHUQINGHAI、SHANGHAIHEGANSUWAI,QUANGUOGESHENGFENQUANSHEHUIYONGDIANLIANGJUNSHIXIANZHENGZENGZHANG。QIZHONG,QUANSHEHUIYONGDIANLIANGTONGBIZENGZHANGCHAOGUOQUANGUOPINGJUNSHUIPING(4.6%)DESHENGFENYICIWEI:XIZANG(15.1%)、NEIMENGGU(12.2%)、GUANGXI(11.1%)、HAINAN(10.8%)、XINJIANG(8.7%)、SICHUAN(8.3%)、ANHUI(8.0%)、HUBEI(7.5%)、SHANXI(7.4%)、YUNNAN(7.3%)、HEBEI(6.6%)、GUIZHOU(6.2%)、JIANGXI(6.0%)HELIAONING(4.8%)。

  7YUEFEN,QUANGUOQUANSHEHUIYONGDIANLIANG6672YIQIANWASHI,TONGBIZENGZHANG2.7%。FENCHANYEKAN,DIYICHANYEYONGDIANLIANG76YIQIANWASHI,TONGBIZENGZHANG5.4%;DIERCHANYEYONGDIANLIANG4626YIQIANWASHI,TONGBIZENGZHANG1.2%;DISANCHANYEYONGDIANLIANG1110YIQIANWASHI,TONGBIZENGZHANG7.6%;CHENGXIANGJUMINSHENGHUOYONGDIANLIANG859YIQIANWASHI,TONGBIZENGZHANG4.6%。

  FENSHENGFENKAN,7YUEFEN,QUANSHEHUIYONGDIANLIANGZENGSUCHAOGUOQUANGUOPINGJUNSHUIPING(2.7%)DESHENGFENYOU16GE,QIZHONGZENGSUCHAOGUO10%DESHENGFENYOU:HAINAN(15.7%)、NEIMENGGU(13.2%)、GUANGXI(12.4%)HEYUNNAN(10.4%);QUANSHEHUIYONGDIANLIANGZENGSUWEIFUDESHENGFENWEITIANJIN(-0.1%)、GANSU(-0.3%)、JIANGXI(-0.9%)、SHANXI(-1.1%)、HENAN(-1.3%)、ZHEJIANG(-1.4%)、SHANGHAI(-5.2%)、HUNAN(-5.3%)、ZHONGQING(-6.2%)HEQINGHAI(-7.3%)。

  二、工业和制造业用电保持平稳增长,增速低于全社会用电量平均水平

真人性23式(动)  1-7YUEFEN,QUANGUOGONGYEYONGDIANLIANG27223YIQIANWASHI,TONGBIZENGZHANG2.6%,ZENGSUBISHANGNIANTONGQIHUILUO4.4GEBAIFENDIAN,ZHANQUANSHEHUIYONGDIANLIANGDEBIZHONGWEI67.0%,DUIQUANSHEHUIYONGDIANLIANGZENGZHANGDEGONGXIANLVWEI37.8%。7YUEFEN,QUANGUOGONGYEYONGDIANLIANG4550YIQIANWASHI,TONGBIZENGZHANG1.0%,ZENGSUBISHANGNIANTONGQIHUILUO3.5GEBAIFENDIAN,ZHANQUANSHEHUIYONGDIANLIANGDEBIZHONGWEI68.2%。

  1-7YUEFEN,QUANGUOZHIZAOYEYONGDIANLIANG20387YIQIANWASHI,TONGBIZENGZHANG3.6%,ZENGSUBISHANGNIANTONGQIHUILUO3.4GEBAIFENDIAN。7YUEFEN,QUANGUOZHIZAOYEYONGDIANLIANG3193YIQIANWASHI,TONGBIZENGZHANG4.3%;ZHIZAOYERIJUNYONGDIANLIANG103.0YIQIANWASHI/TIAN,BISHANGNIANTONGQIZENGJIA4.6YIQIANWASHI/TIAN,JIAOSHANGYUEJIANGDI1.1YIQIANWASHI/TIAN。

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 三、除有色行业,其他高载能行业当月用电量均实现正增长

  1-7YUEFEN,HUAXUEYUANLIAOZHIPIN、FEIJINSHUKUANGWUZHIPIN、HEISEJINSHUYELIANHEYOUSEJINSHUYELIANSIDAGAOZAINENGXINGYEYONGDIANLIANGHEJI11305YIQIANWASHI,TONGBIZENGZHANG3.6%,ZENGSUBISHANGNIANTONGQIHUILUO1.3GEBAIFENDIAN;HEJIYONGDIANLIANGZHANQUANSHEHUIYONGDIANLIANGDEBIZHONGWEI27.8%,DUIQUANSHEHUIYONGDIANLIANGZENGZHANGDEGONGXIANLVWEI21.9%。QIZHONG,HUAGONGXINGYEYONGDIANLIANG2597YIQIANWASHI,TONGBIZENGZHANG1.8%,ZENGSUBISHANGNIANTONGQIHUILUO0.3GEBAIFENDIAN;JIANCAIXINGYEYONGDIANLIANG2034YIQIANWASHI,TONGBIZENGZHANG5.9%,ZENGSUBISHANGNIANTONGQITIGAO0.4GEBAIFENDIAN;HEISEJINSHUYELIANXINGYEYONGDIANLIANG3260YIQIANWASHI,TONGBIZENGZHANG6.5%,ZENGSUBISHANGNIANTONGQIHUILUO4.3GEBAIFENDIAN;YOUSEJINSHUYELIANXINGYE3414YIQIANWASHI,TONGBIZENGZHANG1.0%,ZENGSUBISHANGNIANTONGQIHUILUO0.7GEBAIFENDIAN。

  7YUEFEN,SIDAGAOZAINENGXINGYEYONGDIANLIANGHEJI1713YIQIANWASHI,TONGBIZENGZHANG5.0%,ZENGSUBISHANGNIANTONGQITIGAO0.8GEBAIFENDIAN,ZHANQUANSHEHUIYONGDIANLIANGDEBIZHONGWEI25.7%。QIZHONG,HUAGONGXINGYEYONGDIANLIANG390YIQIANWASHI,TONGBIZENGZHANG6.0%,ZENGSUBISHANGNIANTONGQITIGAO6.7GEBAIFENDIAN;JIANCAIXINGYEYONGDIANLIANG329YIQIANWASHI,TONGBIZENGZHANG4.7%,ZENGSUBISHANGNIANTONGQITIGAO2.4GEBAIFENDIAN;HEISEJINSHUYELIANXINGYEYONGDIANLIANG494YIQIANWASHI,TONGBIZENGZHANG10.1%,ZENGSUBISHANGNIANTONGQITIGAO2.4GEBAIFENDIAN;YOUSEJINSHUYELIANXINGYE500YIQIANWASHI,TONGBIXIAJIANG0.2%,ZENGSUBISHANGNIANTONGQIHUILUO6.3GEBAIFENDIAN。

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图3  2018、2019年重点行业分月用电量情况

  四、发电装机增速同比持续回落,水电发电量保持较快增长

  JIEZHI7YUEDI,QUANGUO6000QIANWAJIYISHANGDIANCHANGZHUANGJIRONGLIANG18.5YIQIANWA,TONGBIZENGZHANG5.5%,BISHANGYUEZENGJIA816WANQIANWA,ZENGSUBISHANGNIANTONGQIHUILUO0.4GEBAIFENDIAN。SHUIDIAN3.1YIQIANWA,QIZHONG,CHANGGUISHUIDIAN2.8YIQIANWA;HUODIAN11.6YIQIANWA,QIZHONG,RANMEIFADIAN10.2YIQIANWA、RANQIFADIAN8880WANQIANWA;HEDIAN4699WANQIANWA;BINGWANGFENGDIAN1.9YIQIANWA;BINGWANGTAIYANGNENGFADIAN1.4YIQIANWA。1-7YUEFEN,QUANGUOGUIMOYISHANGDIANCHANGFADIANLIANG40301YIQIANWASHI,TONGBIZENGZHANG3.0%,ZENGSUBISHANGNIANTONGQIHUILUO4.8GEBAIFENDIAN。

  1-7YUEFEN,QUANGUOGUIMOYISHANGDIANCHANGSHUIDIANFADIANLIANG6514YIQIANWASHI,TONGBIZENGZHANG10.7%,ZENGSUBISHANGNIANTONGQITIGAO7.2GEBAIFENDIAN。QUANGUOSHUIDIANFADIANLIANGQIANSANWEIDESHENGFENWEISICHUAN(1577YIQIANWASHI)、YUNNAN(1437YIQIANWASHI)HEHUBEI(759YIQIANWASHI),QIHEJISHUIDIANFADIANLIANGZHANQUANGUOSHUIDIANFADIANLIANGDE57.9%,TONGBIFENBIEZENGZHANG4.0%、19.3%HE-8.2%。

真人性23式(动)  1-7YUEFEN,QUANGUOGUIMOYISHANGDIANCHANGHUODIANFADIANLIANG29089YIQIANWASHI,TONGBIZENGZHANG0.1%,ZENGSUBISHANGNIANTONGQIHUILUO7.2GEBAIFENDIAN。FENSHENGFENKAN,QUANGUOGONGYOU17GESHENGFENHUODIANFADIANLIANGTONGBIZENGJIA,QIZHONG,ZENGSUCHAOGUO20%DESHENGFENYOUXIZANG(133.8%)HEHUBEI(21.1%),ZENGSUCHAOGUO10%DESHENGFENYOUGUANGXI(14.0%)HESICHUAN(13.0%);LINGWAI,14GESHENGFENHUODIANFADIANLIANGTONGBIJIANGDI,QIZHONG,HUNAN、QINGHAI、YUNNAN、GUANGDONG、FUJIAN、ZHEJIANGHESHANGHAIJIANGDICHAOGUO10%,FENBIEWEI-17.2%、-13.7%、-13.6%、-13.3%、-12.3%、-12.0%HE-10.4%。

真人性23式(动)  1-7YUEFEN,QUANGUOHEDIANFADIANLIANG1913YIQIANWASHI,TONGBIZENGZHANG22.2%,ZENGSUBISHANGNIANTONGQITIGAO9.3GEBAIFENDIAN。

  1-7YUEFEN,QUANGUO6000QIANWAJIYISHANGFENGDIANCHANGFADIANLIANG2393YIQIANWASHI,TONGBIZENGZHANG9.5%,ZENGSUBISHANGNIANTONGQIHUILUO18.4GEBAIFENDIAN。

  五、全国发电设备累计平均利用小时同比降低,火电和核电发电设备累计利用小时均同比降低较多

  1-7YUEFEN,QUANGUOFADIANSHEBEILEIJIPINGJUNLIYONGXIAOSHI2184XIAOSHI,BISHANGNIANTONGQIJIANGDI40XIAOSHI。

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图4  2005年以来历年1-7月份利用小时情况

  FENLEIXINGKAN,1-7YUEFEN,QUANGUOSHUIDIANSHEBEIPINGJUNLIYONGXIAOSHIWEI2118XIAOSHI,BISHANGNIANTONGQIZENGJIA194.8XIAOSHI。ZAISHUIDIANZHUANGJIRONGLIANGPAIQIAN10DESHENGFENZHONG,CHUHUBEIWAI,QITASHENGFENSHUIDIANSHEBEIPINGJUNLIYONGXIAOSHIJUNTONGBIZENGJIA,QIZHONG,FUJIAN、HUNAN、ZHEJIANG、GUANGDONG、QINGHAIHEYUNNANTONGBIZENGJIACHAOGUO200XIAOSHI,FENBIEZENGJIA1174、924、553、465、271HE244XIAOSHI;QUANGUOHUODIANSHEBEIPINGJUNLIYONGXIAOSHIWEI2442XIAOSHI(QIZHONG,RANMEIFADIANHERANQIFADIANSHEBEIPINGJUNLIYONGXIAOSHIFENBIEWEI2512HE1485XIAOSHI),BISHANGNIANTONGQIJIANGDI87XIAOSHI。FENSHENGFENKAN,QUANGUOGONGYOU12GESHENGFENHUODIANSHEBEILIYONGXIAOSHICHAOGUOQUANGUOPINGJUNSHUIPING,QIZHONGNEIMENGGU、HEBEI、HAINANHEANHUICHAOGUO2800XIAOSHI,JIANGXI、HUBEI、NINGXIA、SHANDONGHESHANXIYECHAOGUO2600XIAOSHI,ERYUNNANHEXIZANGJINWEI938HE168XIAOSHI。YUSHANGNIANTONGQIXIANGBI,GONGYOU10GESHENGFENHUODIANLIYONGXIAOSHITONGBIZENGJIA,QIZHONGSICHUANHEGUANGXIFENBIEZENGJIA329HE310XIAOSHI,XINJIANG、HUBEIHENEIMENGGUZENGJIAYECHAOGUO200XIAOSHI,ERGUANGDONG、HUNAN、FUJIAN、QINGHAIHEZHEJIANGTONGBIFENBIEJIANGDI427、422、365、320HE312XIAOSHI,JIANGXI、SHANGHAI、YUNNAN、TIANJIN、HENANHEJIANGSUJIANGDIYECHAOGUO200XIAOSHI。QUANGUOHEDIANSHEBEIPINGJUNLIYONGXIAOSHI4006XIAOSHI,BISHANGNIANTONGQIJIANGDI129XIAOSHI;QUANGUOBINGWANGFENGDIANSHEBEIPINGJUNLIYONGXIAOSHI1259XIAOSHI,BISHANGNIANTONGQIJIANGDI33XIAOSHI;QUANGUOTAIYANGNENGFADIANSHEBEIPINGJUNLIYONGXIAOSHI770XIAOSHI,BISHANGNIANTONGQIZENGJIA29XIAOSHI。

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图5  1-7月份风电装机较多省份风电装机容量和设备利用小时

  六、全国跨区、跨省送出电量保持快速增长

真人性23式(动)  1-7YUEFEN,QUANGUOKUAQUSONGDIANWANCHENG2840YIQIANWASHI,TONGBIZENGZHANG11.8%。QIZHONG,HUABEISONGHUAZHONG(TEGAOYA)29YIQIANWASHI,TONGBIZENGZHANG44.3%;HUABEISONGHUADONG288YIQIANWASHI,TONGBIZENGZHANG41.5%;DONGBEISONGHUABEI258YIQIANWASHI,TONGBIZENGZHANG16.4%;HUAZHONGSONGHUADONG190YIQIANWASHI,TONGBIXIAJIANG6.7%;HUAZHONGSONGNANFANG124YIQIANWASHI,TONGBIXIAJIANG3.2%;XIBEISONGHUABEIHEHUAZHONGHEJI765YIQIANWASHI,TONGBIZENGZHANG17.4%;XINANSONGHUADONG487YIQIANWASHI,TONGBIZENGZHANG6.8%。

真人性23式(动)  1-7YUEFEN,QUANGUOGESHENGSONGCHUDIANLIANGHEJI7969YIQIANWASHI,TONGBIZENGZHANG12.7%。QIZHONG,NEIMENGGUSONGCHUDIANLIANG1157YIQIANWASHI,TONGBIZENGZHANG11.8%;YUNNANSONGCHUDIANLIANG931YIQIANWASHI,TONGBIZENGZHANG21.5%;SHANXISONGCHUDIANLIANG689YIQIANWASHI,TONGBIZENGZHANG14.4%;SICHUANSONGCHUDIANLIANG660YIQIANWASHI,TONGBIZENGZHANG2.1%;NINGXIASONGCHUDIANLIANG480YIQIANWASHI,TONGBIZENGZHANG23.3%;HUBEISONGCHUDIANLIANG449YIQIANWASHI,TONGBIXIAJIANG4.9%;GANSUSONGCHUDIANLIANG425YIQIANWASHI,TONGBIZENGZHANG30.7%;GUIZHOUSONGCHUDIANLIANG412YIQIANWASHI,TONGBIZENGZHANG6.9%;ANHUISONGCHUDIANLIANG388YIQIANWASHI,TONGBIZENGZHANG14.8%;XINJIANGSONGCHUDIANLIANG346YIQIANWASHI,TONGBIZENGZHANG26.9%;SHANXISONGCHUDIANLIANG334YIQIANWASHI,TONGBIZENGZHANG24.3%;HEBEISONGCHUDIANLIANG293YIQIANWASHI,TONGBIZENGZHANG9.9%。

  7YUEFEN,QUANGUOKUAQUSONGDIANWANCHENG598YIQIANWASHI,TONGBIZENGZHANG14.4%。QIZHONG,HUABEISONGHUADONG60YIQIANWASHI,TONGBIZENGZHANG37.0%;DONGBEISONGHUABEI59YIQIANWASHI,TONGBIZENGZHANG52.8%;HUAZHONGSONGHUADONG38YIQIANWASHI,TONGBIXIAJIANG41.1%;HUAZHONGSONGNANFANG26YIQIANWASHI,TONGBIXIAJIANG9.3%;XIBEISONGHUABEIHEHUAZHONGHEJI124YIQIANWASHI,TONGBIZENGZHANG18.6%;XINANSONGHUADONG141YIQIANWASHI,TONGBIZENGZHANG13.7%。

真人性23式(动)  7YUEFEN,QUANGUOGESHENGSONGCHUDIANLIANGHEJI1561YIQIANWASHI,TONGBIZENGZHANG15.4%。QIZHONG,NEIMENGGUSONGCHUDIANLIANG207YIQIANWASHI,TONGBIZENGZHANG32.3%;YUNNANSONGCHUDIANLIANG203YIQIANWASHI,TONGBIXIAJIANG7.9%;SICHUANSONGCHUDIANLIANG192YIQIANWASHI,TONGBIZENGZHANG10.3%;SHANXISONGCHUDIANLIANG135YIQIANWASHI,TONGBIZENGZHANG17.6%;HUBEISONGCHUDIANLIANG108YIQIANWASHI,TONGBIXIAJIANG13.9%;NINGXIASONGCHUDIANLIANG105YIQIANWASHI,TONGBIZENGZHANG51.8%;GUIZHOUSONGCHUDIANLIANG78YIQIANWASHI,TONGBIZENGZHANG15.5%;ANHUISONGCHUDIANLIANG67YIQIANWASHI,TONGBIZENGZHANG27.5%;GANSUSONGCHUDIANLIANG65YIQIANWASHI,TONGBIZENGZHANG6.1%;XINJIANGSONGCHUDIANLIANG65YIQIANWASHI,TONGBIZENGZHANG98.4%。

  七、全国基建新增装机容量同比减少,其中太阳能发电新增装机减少较多

  1-7月份,全国基建新增发电生产能力4707万千瓦,比上年同期少投产2033万千瓦。其中,水电247万千瓦、火电真人性23式(动)1854万千瓦(燃煤1128万千瓦、燃气521万千瓦)、核电234万千瓦、风电1027万千瓦、太阳能发电1346万千瓦。水电、火电和太阳能发电比上年同期少投产232、26和1781万千瓦,核电和风电分别比上年同期多投产12和3万千瓦。

  八、电源完成投资同比增长,电网工程完成投资同比下降

真人性23式(动)  1-7YUEFEN,QUANGUOZHUYAOFADIANQIYEDIANYUANGONGCHENGWANCHENGTOUZI1246YIYUAN,TONGBIZENGZHANG0.7%。QIZHONG,SHUIDIAN411YIYUAN,TONGBIZENGZHANG37.1%;HUODIAN254YIYUAN,TONGBIJIANSHAO33.2%;HEDIAN165YIYUAN,TONGBIJIANSHAO31.1%;FENGDIAN366YIYUAN,TONGBIZENGZHANG51.6%;TAIYANGNENGFADIAN50YIYUAN,TONGBIJIANSHAO34.3%。SHUIDIAN、HEDIAN、FENGDIANDENGQINGJIENENGYUANWANCHENGTOUZIZHANDIANYUANWANCHENGTOUZIDE83.1%,BISHANGNIANTONGQITIGAO8.4GEBAIFENDIAN。

真人性23式(动)  1-7YUEFEN,QUANGUODIANWANGGONGCHENGWANCHENGTOUZI2021YIYUAN,TONGBIJIANSHAO13.9%。

注 从2018年5月份开始,三次产业划分按照《国家统计局关于修订<三次产业划分规定(2012)>的通知》(国统设管函〔2018〕74号)调整,为保证数据可比,同期数据根据新标准重新进行了分类。
注 本年新增火电装机统计口径包含应急调峰储备电源。

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